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Spasmodic Torticollis

What is Spasmodic Torticollis?

Spasmodic torticollis (cervical dystonia) is a disorder where the muscles of the neck contract uncontrollably, making the head turn into various postures. It can be caused by a neurologic disease or as the result of an accident. The spasms tend to worsen when a person stands or walks, making simple tasks difficult.

Who gets Spasmodic Torticollis?

Anyone can get spasmodic torticollis, but it usually happens to people between the ages of 25 and 55 years. The exact cause is unknown, but there may be a genetic link.

How is Spasmodic Torticollis diagnosed?

After taking the patient's history, a physician may perform a physical and neurological examination, including electrodiagnostic tests.

How is Spasmodic Torticollis treated?

Sometimes spasmodic torticollis goes away for no particular reason without treatment. However, this is uncommon. Common treatments include medication or injections of botulinum toxin. Physical therapy can also be helpful for symptoms.

More information on Spasmodic Torticollis

The Dystonia Foundation
National Spasmodic Torticollis Foundation
Centre for Cranial Nerve Disorders