Product Details

The Thoracic Outlet Syndromes

  • Monograph by Drs. Mark Ferrante and Nicole Ferrante

  • Free! (Member price)
  • $50.00 (Non-Member price)


  • Language: English
  • Published: 10/1/2017
  • Description: CME Available - The thoracic outlet syndromes (TOSs) are a group of etiologically and clinically distinct disorders with 1 feature in common: compression of 1 or more neurovascular elements as they traverse the thoracic outlet. The medical literature reflects 5 TOSs: arterial; venous; traumatic neurovascular; true neurogenic; and disputed. Of these, the first 4 demonstrate all of the features expected of a syndrome, whereas disputed TOS does not, causing many experts to doubt its existence altogether. To better understand these disorders, their distinctions, and the reasoning underlying the categorical change of disputed TOS from a form of TOS to a cervicoscapular pain syndrome, a thorough understanding of the pertinent anatomy, pathology, pathophysiology, and electrodiagnostic manifestations of these pathophysiologies is required. In part 1 we covered general information pertinent to all 5 TOSs and reviewed true neurogenic TOS in detail. In part 2, we review the arterial, venous, traumatic neurovascular, and disputed forms of TOS. Muscle Nerve, 2017

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    The AANEM is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    Ari Breiner, MD, of the 2015-2016 Monograph/Issues and Opinion Committee, receives education grants and research funding from Grifols. Any conflicts of interest have been resolved according to ACCME standards. All other authors/planners of this activity had nothing to disclose.
    The AANEM designates this enduring material for a maximum of 4.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits TM. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Credit expires 10/01/2020.

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